Rioja

Rioja

Legacy and future

Rioja wines are the most famous Spanish wines, known around the world. The Rioja Qualified Designation of Origin (DOC) controls and certifies the quality of wines that originate in this region’s 57,000 ha of vineyards.

Rioja is an inland region located in the north of the Iberian Peninsula, not far from the Bay of Biscay and the Atlantic Ocean. This region includes a swath of land on either side of the Ebro River, which flows into the Mediterranean. It is therefore an area influenced by a variety of climates and with diverse soil types. As a result, it is often subdivided into three areas, each of which produces wines with distinct characteristics: Rioja Alta, Rioja Alavesa and Rioja Baja.

The most widely used variety of Rioja grapes is the red Tempranillo. This variety makes balanced and aromatic wines perfectly suited for aging. Therefore, wines with the Rioja D.O.C. are traditionally classified according to the time they have been aged: Joven, Crianza, Reserva and Gran Reserva.

Rioja wines are the most famous Spanish wines, known around the world

The Varietal: Tempranillo

The Tempranillo grape variety makes up for 65% of the grapes grown here; therefore, balanced, aromatic, open-palate wines predominate, like Viña Zaco Tempranillo, which is made up 100% of this grape variety.

This red grape is the highest quality and best-known Spanish variety. The name Tempranillo comes from the grape’s early maturation and, when properly cultivated, it produces a red wine with significant levels of polyphenols and an unmistakable aroma of berries and licorice that is ideal for aging. Growing techniques, reasonable production levels and appropriate choice of clones are key to obtaining quality wines from this variety of grape. Tempranillo is the most emblematic variety of Rioja grape.

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